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网球场建设方案
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一、 网球场地的大小(网球场地标准尺寸)


一片标准的网球场地,占地面积应不小于670㎡(长36.60米、宽18.30米),其中双打场地标准尺寸为长23.77米、宽10.97米。如果是两片或两片以上相邻而建的并行网球场地,两片场地之间距离应不小于5米。 这片长方形的角逐场再用球网横隔成两个等区。场上纵横交错的白线都有各自的名称,球场两端的界线称为“端线”,球场两边的界线称之为“边线”;在球网两侧6.40米处的场内各画一条与边线平行的横线为“发球线”;联结两发球线的中点画一条与边线平行的线称“中线”;中线与球网成“十”字形,将发球线与边线之间的地面分成四个相等的区域,称为“发球区”;在端线的中心,向场内画一条垂直于端线的短线称为“中点”。全场各区的丈量,除中线外都从各线的上沿计算,场上所有的线应是同一颜色(白色或黄色)。


二、网球场建设场地各线段的宽度

 

全场除端线可宽至10厘米外,其他各线的宽度均在2.5-5厘米范围之内。全场各区域的丈量除中线外,均从各线的外沿量计算。

 

三、网球场地建设的种类

 

网球场地有天然草坪、泥地(砂地),丙烯酸网球场随着科学技术的发展,又出现了人造草皮网球场以及硅PU塑胶网球场地等。不同类型的网球场地其面层材料具有不同的性能,并在建造中都有一定的技术标准和规范要求。不同面层材料的塑胶网球场地在维护和保养方面,必须注意化学溶剂、有色素饮料的污染,禁止在场上进行基础作业,防止敲打、划伤场地表层等。目前得到国际国联认证,并且使用最多的是丙烯酸网球场,国际知名丙烯酸材料有德克瑞、泰尼斯莱夫等国际网联ITF认证材料。

 

四、网球场建设网柱要求

 

球网两侧的网柱高1.07米,支柱的直径或边长不超过7.5厘米。

 

五、网球场建设球网要求

 

单打球网长为10.06米,双打球网长为12.8米,球网上沿用5~6.3厘米宽的白色帆布包缝,并用直径不超过0.8厘米的钢丝绳穿起来,挂在场中央离边线0.914米以外的网柱上,球网应充分展开,完全填满两柱之间的空隙,球网网孔大小以不让球穿过为准。球网的中央高为0.914米,并用5厘米宽的白布速带束于地面。要求球网的下边须和地面接触。

 

六、网球场建设场地周围空地

 

端线以外至少要有6.40米的空地,边线以外至少要有3.66米的空地,如果是室内网球场,端线6.40米以外的上空净高应不少于6.40米,室内屋顶在球网上空的净高汪少于11.50米。国际网联规定,室内馆球场上空的净高应为12.50米。

 

七、网球场建设球场的固定物

 

球场固定物除了球网、网柱、单打支柱、绳或钢丝绳、中心带、网边白布外,还包括球场四周的挡网(室外网球场地的四周围挡网高度4~6米之间),看台、固定的或可移动的座位、座椅以及安置在场地周围上空的设备,如照明灯具,应设置在室外球场两侧挡网上方,距地面高7.60米以上,每片网球场地平均照明度应大于600个勒克斯。在球网、中心带、网边白布或单打支柱上均不得有广告。如在球场后面放置广告或其他物品时,则不得使用白色、黄色或浅颜色,如广告放置在位于球场后面的司线员的坐椅上,这些广告也不得使用白色、黄色或其他浅颜色,以免干扰运动员的视线。

 

网球场地整体标准:尺寸是36560毫米()×18280毫米(),比赛场地尺寸是23770毫米()×10970毫米()。半场对角线长16170毫米。如果是室内网球场,端线6.40米以外的上空净高不小于6.40米,室内屋顶在球网上空的净高不低于11.50米。如果是两片或两片以上相连而建的并行网球场地。相邻场地边线之间的距离不小于4.0米。国际网联和国家体委颁布的《网球竞赛规则》中规定,一片标准网球场地的占地面积不小于36.6米(南北长)×18.3(东西宽)米,这一尺寸也是一片标准网球场地四周围挡网或室内建筑内墙面的净尺寸。在这个面积内,有效双打场地的标准尺寸是:23.77米(长)×10.98米(宽),在每条端线后应留有余地不小于6.40米,在每条边线外应流有余地不小于3.66米。在球场安装网柱,两柱中心测量,柱间距是12.80米,网柱顶端距地面是0.914米。

 

 

网球场场地建造的基本过程:

 

第一步:规划、选址。

在建设任何工程之前,第一步是制定详细的规划。如果你想要建造一座网球场,在进行工程之前,你必须考虑的第一个问题就是网球场的表面应当采取何种面层?是泥土表面的还是现代化合成塑胶表面?两种类型各有优劣,但合成表面材料近几年得到了很好的改善,其优势已经非常明显。丙烯酸塑胶面层当前已经得到了广泛的应用和认可。

其次需选择确定网球场的地址,并且根据其周边的环境,规划出最合理的建设方案。主要考虑的因素有:场地土质的状况,冻土层的厚度,地下水的位置,球场的方向,水泥或沥青基础的选择,多片球场相连时空地间隔的大小等。建造网球场要因地制宜,不过最少要占用19× 37m的场地。

 

第二步:基础建造。

在规划设计方案出来以后,要开始基础施工。一片网球场的质量高低,很大程度上都取决于它的基础建设的好坏。因此,基础施工一定要选择基础建筑的专业施工队伍,根据场地基础的要求,严格按照施工标准施工,严加把关。具体的场地基础要求是:水泥基础,即钢筋混凝土基础。它要用商品混凝土一次铺设成功。加入钢筋是为了增加场地整体性,防止基础开裂。一般每片场地中间球网的正下方,都要留一条缩缝。沥青基础是根据当地的环境情况,从地面向下挖相应的深度,并依次填铺不同材质,逐步碾压,使它的密实度不低于2.35/立方米。其表面沥青应无麻面、无蜂窝、无油类污染,并保证在夏季高温时不返油。

无论是水泥基础还是沥青基础表面,都要求平整度的高低差不大于3毫米,也就是用3米的压尺在场地上任意测量检查,其平整度误差的平均值不大于3毫米。对于室外的球场,表层排水坡度为1:1001:150(区别于普通土建工程做的排水坡度)。

另外,在基础施工时,一定要提前准备好一些附属设施固定件的预埋,以免漏做、将来重做时会破坏基础的完整性。

 

第三步:网球场、场地四周挡网、网球墙、灯光系统等附属设施建设。

在基础建设完工以后,根据先前的一些预埋设施,安装球场四周的挡网和灯柱,并尽可能地安排建造一面网球墙,以为练习之便。

 

第四步:场地面层铺设。

场地基础保养完毕后,其它附属设施也安装妥当后,接下来就要做网球场最关键的面层部分了。虽然针对不同的基础,有一些不同的处理方法,而且各产品的铺设也不尽相同,但总的来说,面层铺设主要有以下几个步骤:

1.清理和修补基础场地:

对一些坑洼、凹陷处进行修补,然后清扫或冲刷整个场地,需要注意的是,修补后的场地,一定要干燥后(一般24小时)方可继续施工。

2.铺粘接层:

在基础表层需要铺涂一层粘接剂,它能紧密地粘接在水泥表面上,同时和面层的塑胶材质紧密结合,还能防止出现脱胶,起皮等问题。

3.铺基础增强层:

为了增强场地的强度,平整度和使用寿命,将塑胶面层的主要原料丙烯酸和石英砂、水按一定比例搅拌混和成一种乳液,均匀地铺设在场地上。

4.铺填充层:

用丙烯酸色层基础材料加入适当的石英砂搅拌混和铺成,掺入石英砂的作用不仅是耐磨,而且也可以根据用量的多少来调节控制球速的快慢。

5.面油铺设:

主要是由丙烯酸面油与一定比例的水混和,均匀铺在填充层上。它的色彩鲜艳、抗紫外线褪色,并有一定的耐磨性。

 

第五步:画线,挂网。

在面油铺设之后,就要进行塑胶面层的最后一步工序-画线。在画线时,应注意的是,一定要严格按照标准尺寸预画出色条线的两条小细线,并反复核对。在复核无误后,用胶贴纸贴在两条小细线外侧,再用专用的场地画线漆刷在其中。随后撕去胶贴纸,最后装上网柱,挂上网球网和中心拉带。至此,经过以上五个步骤,一片标准的网球场就算建造完毕了。

 

 




一、The size of the tennis court (tennis court standard size)

 

A standard tennis court, covers an area of not less than 670 square meters (36.60 meters long, 18.30 meters wide), which doubles court the standard size is 23.77 meters long, 10.97 meters wide. If it is two or more than two adjacent built parallel tennis courts, two courts distance should be not less than 5 meters.this piece of rectangular arena and the cross is divided into two districts.The line on both ends of the court called "the end", on both sides of the court called the sideline. In the 6.40 meters on both sides of the venue of the draw a line parallel to the line of “service line”.The midpoint of the line connecting the two draw a line parallel to the side lines called “midline”;the midline and net shape into “ten”,between the service line and ground line into four equal areas,called “service area”;In the end,to draw a line perpendicular to the field line called the “midpot”.The measurement of the whole district,located in the middle line from the line along the edge of the calculation,all the lines on the field should be the same color(white or yellow).



一、The width of each segment of the tennis court

 

In addition to the line width can be up to 10 cm, the line width is within the range of 2.5-5 cm. The measurement of each region in addition to the center line, from the line along the quantity calculation.

 

二、Types of tennis court construction

 

The tennis court has natural grass, mud (sand), acrylic tennis court with the development of science and technology, and the emergence of artificial turf tennis courts and silicon PU plastic tennis court.Different types of tennis courts have different properties of the surface material,and in the construction of a certain technical standards and specifications.The plastic tennis court with different surface materials in the maintenance and maintenance, must pay attention to chemical solvents, pigment beverage pollution, banned there on the basis of operation, prevent knock, scratch site surface. Now get the international certification of the league of nations, and is the most used acrylic tennis court, the international well-known acrylic material with Dirk, Leif Tanis etc. ITF certification materials.

 

三、The tennis court construction requirements

The net posts on both sides of 1.07 meters high, the pillar of the diameter or length of not more than 7.5 cm.

 

四、Tennis net construction requirements

 

Single ball net is 10.06 meters long, double play network is 12.8 meters long, 5~6.3 cm wide net use white canvas bag sewing, and wire rope diameter less than 0.8 cm to wear, hanging 0.914 meters away from the central line of the presence of the net, the net shall be fully carried out, fills the gap between the two column completely, net mesh size to keep the ball across the net. The central subject is 0.914 meters high, and 5 cm wide cloth belt speed on the ground. The net below shall contact with the ground.

 

五、Open space around tennis courts

 

Outside the end there should be at least 6.40 meters of space, the sideline outside at least 3.66 meters of space, if the indoor tennis courts, 6.40 meters away from the above line height shall be not less than 6.40 meters, the interior roof over the net height less than 11.50 meters.ITF regulations, indoor hall over the course of height should be 12.50 meters.

 

六、Tennis stadium fixture

 

The net posts, in addition to stadium fixtures, singles stickes, rope or wire rope, center belt, net cloth, also includes a tennis court nearby (outdoor tennis courts around the net height of 4~6 meters between), stands, fixed or movable seat, seat and equipment placed over the site,such as lighting, should be set on both sides of the outdoor court online,above the ground more than 7.60 meters high, each piece of the tennis court average illumination should be greater than 600 lux.

The center in the net, net white or singles stickes shall not be advertising. When advertising or other items are placed behind the court, it should not be used White, yellow or light colors, such as ads placed in the stadium is located behind the line on the seat,these ads may not use white,yellow or other light color,so as not to disturb the athlete’s sight.

 

The tennis court standard size is 36560 mm (L) x 18280 mm (width), venue size is 23770 mm (L) x 10970 mm (W). Half court diagonal length of 16170 mm. If the indoor tennis courts, 6.40 meters away from the above line height not less than 6.40 meters, in the indoor roof over the net the height of not less than 11.50 meters. If it is two or more than two of parallel connected built tennis courts,the distance between adjacent ground line of not less than 4 meters. Tennis competition rules of the ITF and the National Sports Commission said,the standard tennis court area covers not less than 36.6 meters (north-south) (wide) x 18.3 meters,this size is also a standard tennis court around the fence or indoor wall size.In this area, effectively doubles court standard size: 23.77 m (10.98 meters long) * (wide), in the room after each line should not be less than 6.40 meters, at each edge flow scope of not less than 3.66 meters. In the course of installation of column, two column center measurement, column spacing is 12.80 meters, the top is 0.914 meters from the ground.

 

The basic process of tennis court construction:

 

The first step: planning, site selection.

 

Before the construction of any project, the first step is to develop a detailed plan. If you want to build a tennis court, before the project is carried out,the first question you must consider is the court should adopt the surface layer? Is the soil surface or modern synthetic plastic surface? Two types have advantages and disadvantages, but the synthetic materials surface in recent years has been improved, its advantage is obvious. The acrylic plastic surface layer has been widely used and recognized.Secondly, it needs to choose the tennis court address, and according to the surrounding environment, planning out the most reasonable construction plan. The main factors are: soil condition, soil layer thickness, groundwater position, the stadium direction, cement or asphalt based selection, multi pitch connected space interval size the construction of the tennis court. According to local conditions, but at least occupy 19 x 37m site.

 

The second step: foundation construction.

 

In the future planning and design, to start the foundation construction. The quality level of a tennis court,largely depends on its foundation quality.Therefore, the foundation construction must choose professional construction team building, according to the site requirements, in strict accordance with the construction standards of construction, strict checks site based. Specific requirements are: cement foundation, reinforced concrete foundation. It should be used in commercial concrete laying success once. Join the bar is in order to increase the overall site, to prevent cracking. Every field of the net is below the middle, has to be a contraction joints. The asphalt is based on local ‘s environment,From the ground to dig down the corresponding depth, and then fill the shop of different materials, and gradually make it rolling, the density of not less than 2.35 tons / m3. The asphalt surface should be no pits, no honeycomb, no oil pollution, and ensure the high temperature in the summer when the oil return.

Both the cement foundation and asphalt surface, require the smoothness of the height difference is not greater than 3 mm, which is 3 meters with pressure bar any measurement check on the site, the flatness error average value is less than 3 mm. For outdoor stadium, surface drainage slope of 1:100 to 1:150 (the difference between drainage slope in the ordinary civil engineering do).

In addition, in the foundation construction, be sure to prepare some of the ancillary facilities in advance of avoid leakage,the future will undermine the integrity of the foundation.

 

The third step: tennis courts, venues around the network, tennis wall, lighting systems and other ancillary facilities

 

After the basic completion of construction, according to some previous pre buried facilities, backstop and lamppost mounted around the ground, and as far as possible to build a schedule of tennis wall, in order to practice.

 

The fourth step: laying the ground surface layer

 

Site based maintenance is completed, other ancillary facilities are properly installed, the surface layer part next to the tennis court to do the key. Although according to different basis, there are a number of different processing methods, and the laying of each product are not the same, but in general, the laying of the surface layer mainly contains the following steps:

 

1 .clean up and repair base:

Some of the potholes, dent repair, and then cleaning or washing the entire site, note that the repair site must be dry (usually 24 hours) can continue the construction.

 

2 .adhesive layer:

On the basis of the surface layer need to be coated with a layer of adhesive, it can be closely adhered to the surface of the cement, and the surface of the plastic material closely, but also to prevent the emergence of degumming, peeling and other issues

 

3 .laying foundation reinforcement layer:

In order to enhance the strength of the site, flatness and service life, the main raw material of plastic surface layer of acrylic acid and quartz sand, water, according to a certain proportion of mixing into a kind of emulsion, evenly laid on the site.

 

4 .layer filling layer:

By adding acrylic acid based layer material of quartz sand mixing paved, mixed with quartz sand is not only resistant, but also according to the amount of how to control the speed of the ball.

 

5 .face oil laying:

It is mainly mixed with a certain proportion of water from acrylic acid, and is evenly spread on the filling layer, which has the characteristics of bright color, anti ultraviolet ray fading and certain abrasion resistance.

 

The fifth step: draw the line, hang the net.

 

After the face oil laying,it is necessary to carry out the plastic surface at the last step---drawing line.When drawing the line, should pay attention to, must be in strict accordance with the standard size of two small thin pre painted excellent line, and repeatedly check in check. There is no mistake, attached to the two thread the outer side with stickers, and then a special site in them. Then draw a line paintbrush torn stickers, and fit the Internet column, hanging on the net and center pull. So far, through the above five steps, a standard tennis court even finished.

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